News & Publications

GLA London Datastore and Dashboard findings last month included:

  • The total number of jobs in London for September 2015 has increased by 1.8% over the last year, compared with a 1.2% increase for the UK overall. In the last year the number of employee jobs in London increased by 3.0% whilst self-employment decreased by 6.4%.
  • The proportion of pupils achieving 5+ GCSEs has fallen a little since the peak in 2013. However, London has increased the gap to the England average, which in 2015 stood at 6.7 percentage points.
  • In London over half (54%) of people aged 25-64 hold qualifications the equivalent of at least a degree, compared with the national average of less than 40%.
  • The rate of NEETS in London was 2.9 per cent in October 2015. The NEET rate in London is 1.3 percentage points lower than that seen nationally. There has been a decrease in the rate of NEETs in London (down 0.6 percentage points) from the same month last year. The NEET rate has also fallen for England (down 0.4 percentage points).

Apprenticeships (in England): vision for 2020 from the Department for Business, Innovation & Skills outlines the government’s plan for increasing the quality and quantity of apprenticeships and achieving 3 million apprenticeships by 2020. The publication sets out what is expected of all main stakeholders, employers, education and training providers and government. Employers will have greater ownership of apprenticeships, designing and owning the content of all apprenticeship standards and assessments. The design and delivery of apprenticeships will be overseen by a new, independent quality body – the Institute for Apprenticeships. Outcome-based success measures will come into play from 2016/17, and from January 2018 performance tables will feature 16 to 18 apprenticeship results. There will be a “consultation on public sector duty” to employ apprentices, potentially in place from Autumn 2017. A new Digital Apprenticeship Service online portal will be rolled out from October, National Insurance contributions for apprentices aged under 25 will end from April and a “top 100 apprenticeship employer lists” will be published from next summer.

Public sector apprenticeship targets: Enterprise Bill factsheet from the Department for Business, Innovation & Skills outlines the measures that will be included in the Enterprise Bill. These measures will give the secretary of state the power to set a target for the number of apprentices in public bodies.

Levels of Success – The potential of UK apprenticeships report from the Sutton Trust looks at the earning potential of apprenticeships versus degrees, finding that the very best apprenticeships (at level 5) result in greater lifetime earnings than degrees from non-Russell Group universities. However, there are not enough high level apprenticeships, with most being at level 2 (GCSE) and level 3 (A-level) standard.

The Skills Funding Agency have produced a Higher and Degree Apprenticeship Fact Sheet for young people.

Jobcentre Plus initiative in schools. Speaking at an youth event in London, employment minister Priti Patel said the Careers and Enterprise Company, which was established last year by the Department for Education, will co-ordinate support provided by Jobcentre Plus work coaches in schools. Patel said the government is taking action to prevent young people “drifting into worklessness and benefit dependency” by engaging with them before they leave school.

London Economy

The latest London forecast from GLA Economics ( that:

  • On the whole the outlook for the London economy remains positive for the coming years.
  • London household income and spending are both forecast to increase over the next three years.
  • London is forecast to see rises in employment in 2015, 2016 and 2017.
  • London’s Gross Value Added (GVA) growth rate is forecast to be 3.4 per cent in 2015 with growth moderating to 3.2 per cent in 2016 and 2.7 per cent in 2017


The Office for National Statistics website has data on employment, unemployment, wages and qualifications at national, regional, local authority and ward level. The latest figures for employment by industry sector (based on September 2015 data):

Sector London % UK %
Agriculture, Forestry & Fishing 0.0 1.2
Manufacturing 2.4 7.8
Construction 5.3 6.6
Wholesale, Retail & Vehicle Repair 11.7 14.7
Transport & Storage 5.0 4.5
Hospitality & Catering 6.6 6.6
IT & Communications 7.7 4.0
Finance 7.0 3.4
Real Estate 2.1 1.6
Professional, Scientific & Technical 13.7 8.6
Administration 9.8 8.5
Public Administration & Defence 4.1 4.4
Education 7.6 8.7
Health & Social Work 9.8 12.4
Arts, Entertainment & Recreation 3.7 2.9
Other Services 2.7 2.6

Future Employment

The annual report from GLA Economics shows that jobs in London are projected to grow by an annual average rate of 0.69 per cent, equivalent to 40,800 jobs per annum, to reach 6.418 million in 2036. The report also provides future projections for both the occupations and qualifications of those employed in London:

  • Employment growth is projected in some service sectors, including the professions, scientific & technical, information & communication, admin & support, and accommodation & food service.
  • Projected declines in manufacturing and some other sectors, including wholesale, transportation and storage, and public administration.
  • Increased demand for higher level qualifications – the proportion of jobs in London requiring either a degree is projected to reach 53 per cent by 2036, with the proportion of jobs with no qualifications reaching less than 5 per cent.

The full report can be found in the GLA London Datastore.


The unemployment rate in London remains higher than the UK as a whole and much higher than the South East. The December 2015 ONS Regional Labour Market Statistics show that:

  • Unemployment in London was 6.3% compared to 5.2% for the UK as a whole and 3.7% in the South East.

Figures for November 2015 from show that:

  • The all age Jobseekers Allowance claimant rate was 1.7% in London, above the 1.6% in the UK as a whole.
  • The 18-24 Allowance claimant rate was 2.0% in London, the same as the UK as a whole. The 12 months and 6-12 month claimant rates were slightly lower or the same in London for this age group as the UK as a whole.

Graduate Employment

According to the latest (2015) edition of the annual What Do Graduates Do? report:

  • This year more graduates found work than ever before – 76.6% of graduates were working or combining work and study, against 75.6% in 2012/13 and unemployment fell from 7.3% for 2012/13 to 6.3% this year.
  • The majority of graduates who were in work, 68.2%, were in professional level employment, up from 66.3% the year before.
  • Four professions saw an increase of 500 or more graduate entrants last year – business project workers, HR and recruitment professionals, nurses and marketers.
  • The largest falls in numbers of graduate entrants were in sales and retail roles, and in routine office work.
  • The average salary for a graduate from the 2013/14 cohort working full time after six months was £20,637.

The full report can be found on the HECSU website.


In London the number of people of all ages starting an apprenticeship has increased by over 400% since 2005-06, with a figure of 45,550 starts in 2014-15. However, the proportion of under 25 year-old starters fell from 100% to 56% over the same period. A recent Ofsted report recommended that the planned growth in apprenticeships should prioritise young people aged 16 to 24. Figures since 2011-12 show a fall in total apprenticeship starts – according to the Department for Business, Innovation and Skills this decrease is due to “quality improvement measures”. A TES article has examined this fall in more detail.

Apprenticeship Starts Age Under 19 % Age 19-24 %
England London England London England London
2005-06 175,000 11,010 57% 55% 43% 44%
2011-12 520,600 47,230 25% 23% 31% 29%
2012-13 510,200 45,070 22% 21% 32% 31%
2013-14 440,400 40,050 27% 24% 36% 36%
2014-15 499,900 45,550 25% 22% 31% 32%

Data from

The Find an apprenticeship service is run by the National Apprenticeship Service and advertises vacancies across the country. Looking at a sample of advertised vacancies in London live on 14 December 2015:

Sector Vacancies Applicants per Vacancy
Agriculture, Horticulture & Animal Care 10 14
Arts, Media & Publishing 18 11
Business, Administration & Law 797 13
Construction, Planning & the Built Environment 32 23
Education & Training 24 14
Engineering & Manufacturing Technologies 94 14
Health, Public Service & Care 585 9
Information & Communication Technology 180 24
Leisure, Travel & Tourism 19 2
Retail & Commercial Activity 631 4
Science & Mathematics

A more detailed of a sample of apprenticeship vacancies can be found in Apprenticeships: A Guide for Advisers (2015) on the CLC Building Futures Apprenticeships page. Weekly updates of highlighted new vacancies in Central London can be found on the Live full-time and part-time jobs page.

Minimum & Living Wage

The National Minimum Wage is set by the government, based on recommendations from the Low Pay Commission. It is the minimum hourly rate that employers must pay their workers. The government has introduced a new National Living Wage, that must be paid to workers who are 25 or over from April 2016. This new National Living Wage is not be confused with the London Living Wage, which is not binding on employers, is based on the cost of living in London and is set by the Living Wage Foundation.

Living Wage


National Minimum/Living Wage




Under 18























* National Minimum Wage increase in effect from 1 October 2015. The new National Living Wage for 25+ year-olds is introduced from April 2016.

** This rate is for apprentices under 19 or those in their first year. All other apprentices are entitled to the National Minimum Wage for their age.